Self-Regulation in Stafford, Virginia

Date: 3/21/2020

Time 6:56pm

Weather: Cloudy

Who am I with: No One

Location: Stafford, Virginia

Self regulation can be defined in various ways. In most cases, it involves controlling one’s behavior, emotions, and thoughts in the pursuit of long-term goals. In this day and age, there is a need for self-regulation in terms of the Coronavirus. The government requires citizens to social distance themselves as well as protect themselves from the virus. This has been taken especially seriously in Stafford, Virginia, in areas such as in homes, neighborhoods, and stores. In terms of my home, self regulation is practice though social distancing and keeping healthy. Most of the people in my home stay in separate rooms, use different bathrooms instead of sharing, and do not hug or touch each other. In terms of people in the neighborhood as a whole, people tend to walk on opposite sides of the road, move away when passing someone, standing 6 feet apart when talking to one another, and there has been hardly any kids playing outside. In terms of stores in Stafford, there has been many rules that have been established to practice self-regulation. At places, such as Target, people tend to stand far apart, avoid aisles with multiple people, constant use of self-checkout lines. Furthermore, many stores have developed systems to protect their employees from getting sick. In Target, there are yellow tapped lines that indicate where a person stands. When the check out person is ready for the next customer, the person from behind the yellow line moves forward.

Feminism at UMW

Feminism is a collection of ideas centered on the role of gender and how it shapes one’s life. Feminism also seeks to challenge hierarchal inequities and binary classifications. The framework of feminism can be applied to everyday life. An example of application can be seen through the differences in gender in UMW faculty departments to see if department determines gender. In this study, 4 department were chosen: Geography, English, Chemistry, and Math. Using online faculty information, a table was drawn in a field notebook and was used to tally the number of female and male faculty members in each department. Based on the tally marks as seen in the picture below, it does show that certain departments, such as Geography, Chemistry, and Math have a predominately male faculty than English, which has mostly female faculty. Based on the information, it seems that males tend to dominate the hard sciences and maths, while the humanities are predominately female. But since this is only a few of the departments, more information on other departments could refute this conclusion. Furthermore, some of these departments, such as Chemistry and Math, are very close in their tallies, with a difference of 2. Because of this, the predominance of a certain gender could easily switch from male to female if more female faculty was added or if some of the males left.

Phenomenology Project

Phenomenology can be understood in two ways: as a disciplinary field, or as a historical movement in philosophy. This post will focus on the disciplinary side of this philosophy. The subject of phenomenology can be defined as an ideology that seeks to understand things as they appear to us, or as we experience them. This philosophy has been applied to many fields, to include geography. A phenomenological approach in geography focuses on experience and place. As stated in Pauline Couper’s book A Student’s Introduction to Geographical Thought, phenomenology in geography seeks, “to examine the ways in which humans-as a species, in groups, and individually-relate to their surroundings” (Couper 92). Furthermore, phenomenology in geography looks at, “the ways in which people produce and experience places and environments in their everyday lives” (Couper 93). One of the ways in which to see how people interact with their environment is to look for changes in behavior when they enter a certain place. For this project, the idea of phenomenology was applied to understand how a change in place influences an employees performance. In this case, it looks at how a change in place influences or brings upon different aspects of a person’s identity. This study was performed at a clothing store in a mall, which targets young teens who have a decent amount of money. In this study, the behavior of two employees were analyzed based on how they acted on the floor of the store. The results to this were than compared to how they acted in the stockroom. Along with this, the 2 employees, Hanna and Grace, were also asked “how are you?” once in both the store and in the stockroom. For the purposes of privacy, the employees were given fake names to hide their identities.

A change in place can often elicit a certain reaction or changes in behavior. This change in behavior is apparent when the two employees first walk onto the sales floor and when they walk back into the stock room. The store is where customers shop for clothes and employees sell and assist customers. The store consist of 5 sections: the front, the middle, the back, fitting rooms, and the Aerie store. The front of the store is where customers first enter when they come in through the doors. The overall store is set up with men’s clothing to the right when you enter and women’s clothing to the left. To the left as you walk in is the Aerie store where they sell underwear and intimates for women. As you continue through to the middle of the store, there is a set of 4 cash registers in the center. Towards the back of the store there is clearance clothing and an opening to fitting rooms to the left as you enter. Towards the back of the store is a door to the right as you enter. This is the door to the stockroom. The stock room is filled with moving shelves of clothing and accessories. There is also a table with chairs once you enter the stock room, where employees sit on their breaks. Towards the very back of the stock room is the office where managers work and hang out.

In terms of behavior in the front of the store, both were very similar in the way they acted. In terms of Hanna, when asked “How are you?” she responded with, “I’m doing good.” Hanna spent most of her shift towards the front of the store and was very happy and “bubbly” towards customers when she greeted and assisted them. Hanna asked customers questions such as “How are you?”, “Welcome in?”, and, “Can I help you?” Hanna also had a smile on her face when talking with customers and had an open posture with her arms by her side and was also very engaged with the customers and her work. Like Hanna, Grace also had a very similar behavior. When asked “How are you?”, Grace responded with, “I’m doing well, thank you.” Grace spent most of her shift in the second room by the cash registers. Grace was also very welcoming but not as bubbly as Hanna. Grace also greeted customers with “How are you?”, and, “Did you find everything okay?” Like Hanna, Grace had a smile on her face when talking and greeting customers and also had an open posture with her arms by her sides. Grace was also very engaged with the customers.

In terms of behavior in the stock, both employees were much more at ease and felt free to act less constricted to the standards in the work place. For Hanna, when asked “How are you?” again, Hanna responded with, “I’ve been better.” Hanna then continued to talk about how she was struggling to make rent and wants a raise. Hanna also sat in a chair with her arms crossed and had a neutral face and seemed more relaxed. Furthermore, when continuing on with casual conversion, Hanna used more informal language and tended to cuss more. Like Hanna, Grace had very similar behavior. When asked ,”How are you?” again, Grace responded with, “I’m okay.” Grace then continued on about how her boyfriend wanted to join the marines and was worried about it. Like Hanna, Grace sat slumped in the chair with a relaxed posture and used informal language such as cursing.

Identity is the distinguishing character or personality of an individual. There are multiple aspects to a person’s identity that can be expressed in many ways. In this case, the employees demonstrated 2 parts that make up their identity. These parts included their relaxed identity and their work identity. Based on the results, both employees tended to show the more relaxed side of their identity when entering and staying in the the stock room than out on the selling floor. Along with this, based on the consistency of their behavior out on the sales floor, it also shows how working as an employee requires taking on a certain side of one’s identity. In this case, employees out on the floor must act in a positive and engaging way, while sitting in the stock room on a break does not require taking on that side. Furthermore, the change in place also indicates a direct correlation with changes in behavior as employees tended to take on their work identity out on the sales floor and their relaxed identity once they entered the stock room.

Works Cited

Couper, Pauline. A Students Introduction to Geographical Thought: Theories, Philosophies, Methodologies. Sage Publications Ltd, 2015.

The Built Environment

For this study, students were told to take field notes about the built environment of downtown Fredericksburg. These field notes widely ranged to include looking at how building have changed over the year and how they are used today, and the comparison of two or more streets to see how they differ. For my field notes I analyzed the built environment of downtown Fredericksburg by focusing on one street, Caroline Street, and the store that inhabit it. More specifically, I looked at how five stores located on Caroline street were targeting certain groups of people. These stores included: Sugar and Spruce, Benny Vitali’s, Monkee’s, Sammy T’s, Irish Eyes, and Olde Town Tobacconist. These stores were chosen because they target very different people.

In terms of Sugar and Spruce, it is a store that sells bath products such as soaps and sugar scrubs. The interior of the store is very light with a feminine touch, and has female mannequins in the windows. Further more, women in there mid twenties to upper sixties were seen entering and exiting the store. This indicates that the store is targeting young and older female adults. Furthermore, the prices were also quite high, indicating that the store does not cater to younger women, such as high schoolers.

The second place was Benny Vitali’s. Benny Vitali’s is a store that sell pizza. The interior of the shop is very casual , with loud music playing throughout. There were also people of all ages coming in and out of the store and prices are quite low so that even a young high schooler can afford it. This indicates that the stores targets people of all ages with it’s low prices and laid back vibe.

Unlike Benny Vitali’s, Irish Eyes is a specialty shop that sells products from Ireland. This store contains other Irish memorabilia that shown throughout the front of the store. There were also people with backpacks and other tourists entering and leaving the store. Based on his information, it is apparent that the store is targeting tourist. Along with this, the prices are also high enough that they are also targeting older adults who can afford their products.

Another store that was analyzed was Olde Towne Tobacconist. The store features products such as tobacco, cigarettes, and pipes. The interior is also dark and has a strong scent of tobacco. Based on the products being sold, it is apparent that they are targeting an older generation that can legally smoke.

The fifth store analyzed was Sammy T’s. This shop is a restaurant that sells food. The interior is quite dark and there were people of all ages coming in and out of the restaurant. Based on this, it apparent that Sammy T’s targets everyone. They also have vegan food options which also means that they are also targeting people who are vegan.

The last place that was analyzed was Monkee’s. Monkee’s is a women’s clothing store that sells clothing as quite high prices. Multiple women who appear to be in their mid 30’s to upper 60’s were seen entering and leaving the store. Based on this, the store is targeting young female adults and older women who can afford the clothing being sold.

Based on the analysis of all the stores, it apparent that Caroline Street is a diverse area that targets multiple social groups. many of the store on this street either targeted and specified social group or were targeting all people.

Mini-Study on Chick-fil-a

Critical rationalism is a philosophy developed by Karl Popper, which emphasizes deductive reasoning and the falsification of hypotheses and theories. Critical rationalists start out with a theory, followed by a prediction that can be falsified in order to learn from one’s mistake. In my study, I decided to test the theory, “more people go to Chick-fil-a at the mall because they get their food faster.” My predication was, “If people go to Chick-fil-a, then they will get their food faster than other places at the mall.”

The experiment took place at the Spotsylvania Mall Food Court on February 5, 2020. The time I began collection was at 1:19pm and the weather was overcast and rainy. I was with no one else to complete this experiment.

For this experiment, three restaurants were tested. Theses restaurants were Chick-fil-a, Villa, and China Max. For each place, I used the timer on my phone to time how long it took for three customers at each food place to receive their food. The timer started when the customer left the register and stopped when the person received their food. Along with this, the number of people in line were also recorded. For Chick-fil-a their was 11 people in line, Villa had 5 people in line, and China Max had 5 people in line as well.

The results showed Chick-fil-a had a average time of 6 minutes, villa had 2 minutes, and China Max had 1 minute. Based on the results, it shows that the theory and prediction both were proven to be false. The reason why this may have occurred is because certain variable may not have bee taken into account. An example of one is the amount of food a person ordered. If a person ordered a considerable amount of food, it would take much longer for them to get their food than others who ordered less. Another variable could be the amount of people working behind the counter during the time data was collected. If there are less people, food may come out slower than with more people working. Since this theory and prediction was proven false, there must be other reasons as to why more people go to Chick-fil-a than the other food places at the mall. Some of these reasons could be that people like Chick-fil-a more than other places. Another reason could be it’s placement. Chick-fil-a is located at the front of the food court and people may not want to walk all the way down to the other end of the food court to get food at another place.

Based on Popper’s definition of a severe test, I can say that my experiment is not an example of a severe test. Even though the results did prove the theory and prediction wrong, there are so many variable and factors that it makes it difficult to create a conclusive severe test.

Synthetic Statements

The verification principle of meaning states that any synthetic statement has meaning as long as we know what difference we would see in the world if it were proven to be true. Further more, it also deals with synthetic statements that can be true but could also change and need evidence to prove its truth. Synthetic statements are seen through out the world especially in the news. An example of a synthetic statement deals with Bernie Saunders. In the article, it states that, “After denying in a Democratic debate last week that he told Sen. Elizabeth Warren a woman could not be elected president.” This claim is a synthetic statement because evidence is needed to prove its truth. If this statement were true we would see more people reacting to this news and, potentially, would negatively impact Bernie’s campaign. Another example of a synthetic statement deals with First Lady Melania Trump. In the article, it states, “The president sleeps in the master bedroom on the second level of the White House residence while the first lady stays on the third floor in a two-room space that was previously occupied by former first lady Michelle Obama’s mother, Marian Robinson.” This claim is also a synthetic statement because proof is needed to confirm that Melania Trump does indeed sleep in a separate room from her husband. If this were true, it would lead the world to believe that there is an issue with their marriage and that it would confirm rumors that Trump is an awful person to be around. The last example also deals with president, which states, “The story goes that in a 1998 interview with People Magazine, Donald Trump said he was considering a run for president and would do so as a Republican because “They’re the dumbest group of voters in the country. They believe anything on Fox News. I could lie and they’d still eat it up. I bet my numbers would be terrific.” This is also considered a synthetic statement because proof is need to confirm that it is true and there is no proof thus far. If it were to be true, it would negatively impact his chances of being elected president and he would continue to loose favoritism among his base.

Median Household Income of New Mexico

The following description is based on the 2017 median household income of counties in New Mexico.

The first map created was based on the equal interval approach. Four categories were created for this map. The categories are as follows: incomes below $47,092, between $47,092.50 and $68,125, $68,125 and $89,157.50, and greater than $89,157.5. Based on the map as seen below 26 of the 33 counties had median household incomes below $47,092.50, with 6 of them with incomes between $47,092.50 and $68,125, and 1 above $89,157.50. There was no county with a median income between $68,125 and $89,157. Based on the map, the majority of the counties live below the median household income of the U.S. Furthermore, because median household income of all counties is $46,715 and is below the national income, this indicates that the state as a whole is relatively poor, with only 5 counties living above the national average.

The second map was based on the quartile approach. For this map, 4 categories were created with an outlier. The four categories that were created were: incomes between $26,000 and $31,000, $31,001 and $35,000, $35,001 and $42,000, and $42,001 and $110,000. Based on the map, it appears that 8 counties lie between $26,000 and $31,000, 8 between $31,001 and $35,000, 8 between $35,001 and $42,000, and 9 between $42,001 and $110,000. There is also one outlier which is Los Alamos at $110,190. Based on the map, it appears that the counties with different incomes are scattered across the state with no exact patter.

The two maps show that ,depending on how data is presented and categorized, different conclusions can be made.

Map examples:

Equal Interval


Geography and Describing the World

Geography in formal terms is the study of the physical features of the earth as well as the study of human activity and how it affects or is affected by these physical features. In other cases, Geography is said to mean, “writing the world,” or “writing the earth.” This agrees with most other definitions of geography because geography simply explains and describes the physical and human characteristics of our world. Geographers seek to answer the “where” and “why.” In terms of the “where,” geographers first identify where something is located, whether that be a mountain or a group of people. Then as they are doing their research on a particular subject, they then ask themselves questions such as, why does one country have more arable land then another? Why does this group of people live in this specific area? Why is one town more wealthy than another? In doing so, they further assist in our understanding of why the world is the way it is by studying and publishing new information to keep us informed.


Hi guys!

My name is Jennifer Crowell and I am a geography major. I want to study geography so that I can better understand how the physical characteristics of the world influence human activity and vice versa.